Fulfilling the Neighbours’ Rights
By Shaykh Abdulqadr An-Naqshbandi Mujaddidi
Released by www.sunnahlives.com 1437 H
Bismillahi wa salatu wa salamu ‘ala Rasulillah wa ‘ala jami’il ambiyai wal-mursalin wa ‘ala ahlihi wa sahabihi ajmain, amin.
The Invaluable Hadith
The noble ‘alim and ‘arif, al-Imam ibn Hajar al-Asqalani (rahimahullah) quoted the very popular Hadith of Sayyidina Jabir ibn Abdullah al-Ansari (radiAllahu ‘anh) detailing seven great acts so emphasized in the sunnah that they almost assumed the status of the obligatory. The mercy for the worlds and the best example sent to humanity, Rasulullah, Muhammad Mustafa (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said:
- Angel Jibril (alaihi ‘s-salam) used to remind me of the rights of the neighbors to such an extent that I thought a neighbor will be given the right to inherit from his neighbor.
- Angel Jibril (alaihi ‘s-salam) used to remind me of the rights of women to such an extent that I thought that divorcing them would be made haram (forbidden).
- Angel Jibril (alaihi ‘s-salam) used to remind me of the rights of slaves to such an extent that I thought that there would be a fixed time for their freedom.
- Angel Jibril (alaihi ‘s-salam) used to remind me of the use of siwak (toothstick) to such an extent that I thought that the use of siwak would be made obligatory.
- Angel Jibril (alaihi ‘s-salam) used to remind me of the importance of salat in Jama’ah (congregation) to such an extent that I thought that Allahu subhanahu wa ta’ala will not accept any salat except the ones done in congregation.
- Angel Jibil (alaihi ‘s-salam) used to remind me about standing up in the night and praying (tahajjud) to such an extent that I thought there will be no sleep during the night.
- Angel Jibril (alaihi ‘s-salam) used to remind me about the remembrance of Allahu ta’ala (zikr) that I thought there is no benefit in any speech except the zikr of Allah’s name.
Angel Jibril (alaihi ‘s-salam) used to remind me of the rights of neighbor to such an extent that I thought a neighbor will be given the right of inheritance.
Islam is called ad-Deen-i wasatiyyah because it is a religion predicated on moderation and a balance, thus giving birth to such a civilization, so egalitarian, that history has never produced its like. This great Deen fundamentally gives so much rights to others outside the realm of Islam and sometimes commend Muslims to see humanity from the adamic angle; we are all from the same origin, we may have our differences in belief and conducts, what we share in common are also integral to our peaceful existence as a wider community on the earth. Our differences should be opportunities to demonstrate the beauty of our great religion, and our ways and actions should be nothing but invitations to the Divine and the sacred.
The uniquely endowed Deen-i Islam is always tending towards peace and peaceful co-existence. It principally demands that we fulfill the right of others without a fail and that we must be merciful and considerate enough to kindly forgive whenever our rights are trampled upon. So, neighbors, who are the most physically immediate people to us are given so many rights, and these assume so great a sacredness that one is forced to conclude that a man becomes successful with Allahu ta’ala once he is judged successful by his neighbors.
In diverse civilizations and beliefs, neighbours are taken to be the people living in the houses closest to or adjoining our own house. Our beloved Prophet (alaihi ‘s-salam), however, gave the world an understanding that was extremely baffling to the most advanced minds from the previous civilization. He (alaihi ‘s-salam) considered as neighbours all those who live in forty houses to the right, forty houses to the left, forty houses in the front and forty houses at the back. Every one living within this vicinity qualifies to be a neighbour and has great rights on us. The closer the houses are to us the more emphatic their rights are. Subhanallah! This is a Deen, a religion that is giving recognition to one hundred and sixty houses and the inhabitants as one’s neighbours deserving attention, love and respect. Continue Reading