His Exalted Words
Wisdom flow from the noble tongue of the Siddiq Akbar, Sayyidina Abubakr (radiAllahu ‘anh), like the proverbial fountain that never experiences a dry moment. Like every soul that has abandoned the world of superfluities concentrating all attention on the eternity, every statement of Sayyidina Abubakr (radiAllahu ‘anh) comes with such a potency that would melt the most able mind and enlighten the most decadent heart. As a matter of fact, Imam Junayd Baghdadi (rahimahullah) reflected on the noble proclamation of Hadrat Abubakr (radiAllahu ‘anh) about Allahu ta’ala and concluded that it is the noblest words ever mentioned regarding tawhid. The statement is:
- I proclaim the purity of that Sublime Being (Allahu ta’ala) who left no path for his creation to recognize Him except that they are incapable of truly recognizing Him.
Among his countless words of wisdom are:
- I take an oath by Allah’s most Gracious name that I never desired the Khilafa, nor did I ever ask for it from Allahu ta’ala, neither openly nor in privacy.
- When a believer tastes Allah’s love he then finds no time to pursue the finishing things of Dunya, and he becomes estranged from people.
- One day, Sayyidina Abubakr (radiAllahu ‘anh) saw a bird moving around freely on a tree and he (radiAllahu ‘anh) addressed it saying:
O free bird!
How fortunate you are
I swear by Allah’s name that my heart desire your maqam (station)
You move about freely perching on any tree you like
You eat whatever you like of fruits, grains or leaves
All without any accounting or punishment ahead of you
How I wish to be a tree by the road side so that a camel pass by me, eat of me and I turn to mere dung
How I wish I am not a human destined to be questioned before a Lord strict, All Knowing and Just.
- Once a hunted animal was brought to the noble presence of Sayyidina Abubakr (radiAllahu ‘anh), he looked at the animal with mercy saying:
Whenever an animal is killed or any tree is cut, it is for the fact that it has failed to discharge his duty of zikr or Allah’s praises for that day.
- Sayyidina ‘Anas bn Malik (radiAllahu ‘anh) said that the Siddiq Akbar (radiAllahu ‘anh) would discuss the origin of man in his sermon asking:
What is the source of this pride and vain-glory in man who has passed through impure places twice; he passed through the path of urine in his father and also from his mother.’ This statement would bring so much reflections that those who were listening would consider themselves impure.
- We have found greatness in taqwa, prosperity in Yaqin (conviction) and honours in humility.
- Beware, lest you despise any Muslim. The lowest Muslim is also great in the sight of Allahu ta’ala.
- Being steadfast on honesty and beautiful deeds will lead you to Jannat, while lying and evil deeds will end you in Hell fire.
- In one of his greatly moving sermons, Sayyidina Abubakr (radiAllahu ‘anh) rhetorically asked:
Where are those charming young men always taking pride of their youths?
Where are those famous kings conquering lands upon lands?
Where are the brave warriors ever victorious far and near?
Time has destroyed them and decaying, they lie in the darkness of the grave.
- Servant of Allah! Be careful, do not sever relationship. Avoid malice and do away with envy. Live like brothers (forgiving, overlooking, loving and sharing) as Allahu ta’ala has commanded you.
He (radiAllahu ‘anh) also declared:
- He who enters the grave without any provisions is as if he wishes to sail on the sea without a ship.
- It is futile to hope for three things by merely hanging on three means; wealth with means of hope, youth with the means of dyeing (the hair) and health with only medication.
- Darkness is of five types and its lamps are also five:
- Love for the worldly is darkness and its lamp is taqwa (piety)
- Sinning is darkness and its lamp is sincere Tawba
- The grave is darkness and its lamp is La ilaha illallah Muhammadur-Rasulullah
- The Hereafter is darkness and its light is righteous deeds
- The bridge of sirat is darkness and its light is yaqin (conviction, certitude).
The Siddiq Akbar (radiAllahu ‘anh) also gave an insightful bayan saying:
Iblis is standing in front of you, your ego (the nafs) is on your right, your desire is on your left, Dunya is behind you, your limbs and senses are around you, and the Omnipotent (Allahu ta’ala) is ‘above’ you.
- Iblis (the accursed) calls you to leave the religion.
- The nafs encourages you to disobedience.
- Desire goads you to fulfill your passion.
- Dunya entices you so that it is preferred to the life eternal.
- Your limbs and senses take you towards sins while
- The omnipotent Lord, Allahu ta’ala calls you towards Paradise and forgiveness.
- The one who respond to Iblis loses his religion.
- The one who respond to the ego (the nafs) ruins his soul.
- The one who respond to desire loses his intellect.
- The one who respond to Dunya loses his Hereafter.
- And one who responds to his limbs and senses is deprived of Jannat.
- While the one who responds to Allahu ta’ala will give up all his sins and vices acquiring all kinds of goodness.
He (radiAllahu ‘anh) also said:
- There are eight things which adorn, beautifies eight other things:
- Chastity is the adornment for poverty
- Gratitude is the adornment for blessing
- Patience is the adornment for calamity
- Gentleness is the adornment for knowledge
- Humility is the adornment for the learners
- Weeping is the adornment of taqwa
- Giving up boasting is the adornment of sadaqah, and
- Calmness and inner concentration (khushu) is the adornment of salat.
- Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Hakim (radiAllahu ‘anh) mentioned that Sayyidina Abubakr (radiAllahu ‘anh) delivered a moving sermon which include the following exhortations:
O people! I advise you to fear Allah. That you praise Him as He deserves to be praised. You should always have hope and fear in you. When supplicating to Allah, you should also beseech Him. See how Allahu ta’ala praised Zakariyya (alaihi ‘s-salam) and his family:
“They used to hasten towards good deeds and supplicate to Us with hope and fear. And they were subservient to Us.” (21:90)
O servants of Allah! You should fully understand that Allahu ta’ala has purchased your lives and has taken a covenant from you in this regard. In exchange for this fleeting and paltry worldly life, He has promised you the eternal and abundant bounties of Paradise.
The Book of Allah is present amongst you. Its extraordinary facts will never come to an end. Its light will never be extinguished. You should therefore believe in the Book of Allah and continue taking admonishment from it. And acquire eyesight from it in preparation for the dark day (the final hour). Allahu ta’ala created you solely for His worship. He has appointed certain angels over you to record your deeds. They know all that you do.
O servant of Allah! You are going closer to that appointed time (the final hour) every day and night (i.e. each moment is taking you closer to the resurrection). Knowledge of this final hour is concealed from you. Therefore, if you can, you should do such that you die in a state that you are engaged in the service of Allahu ta’ala. However, you cannot do this without the help of Allahu ta’ala. (You should therefore seek His help).
O people! You should hasten towards good in all the respite that you have been given in your life. You should do this before your life comes to an end and before you have to face the consequences of your evil deeds. Some people have spent their lives for others (apart from Allah) and devoted their lives to them. I prohibit you from doing so.”
His Guiding Words, Invaluable Advises
Hadrat Abubakr Siddiq (radiAllahu ‘anh) was known for his eloquence and heart-purifying sayings. He once advised Hadrat Khalid bn Walid (radiAllahu ‘anh):
‘Try to run away from greatness and greatness will follow you. Seek death and life will be conferred on you’.
He (radiAllahu ‘anh) formalized the code of conducts for the soldiers of Islam army making the Islamic defenders humane personalities holding on to such amazing etiquettes that put western army, modern and ancient, to shame. He instructed all his forces before their departure saying:
‘Do not commit misappropriations; do not deceive anybody; do not disobey your leader, do not mutilate human bodies; do not kill old men, women or children; do not cut down fruit-bearing trees nor burn them; do not slaughter animals except for food; do not molest Christian priests, and do not forget Allah for His favours that you have enjoyed’.
Whenever he appointed any public officers, he advised them after giving them their schedule of duties:
‘Fear Allah openly and secretly. Whosoever fears Allah, He provides him sustenance from such sources which he never expected. Whosoever fears Allah, He forgives his sins and gives him double reward. Verily, to wish good for the people is a great act of piety. You are on such a way that you may go beyond the boundary of Islam easily. Stick to the prescription of Sharia and it will save you from all evils’.